Sunday, 2020-May-31, 8:21 AM |     
Welcome Guest | RSS
Categories
Weekends in Chernihiv
Chernihiv region
Towns and villages
in the region
Historical monuments
Museums
Parks. Reserves
Castles. Palaces
Green & rural tourism
Pilgrimage
Tours of the region
Accommodation
Hotels & Private bureaus
Canteens
Restaurants & Cafe
Useful information
Souvenirs
Links


 President of Ukraine

Parliament of Ukraine

Government of Ukraine


Our poll
Were you in Chernihiv?
Total of answers: 5

Main » 2009 » July » 8 » Chernihiv: Troitsko – Illinskyi (St. Trinity-St. Elijah) monastery
Chernihiv: Troitsko – Illinskyi (St. Trinity-St. Elijah) monastery
11:50 PM
One of the most expressive architectural ensembles of Ukraine is Troitsko – Illinskyi (St. Trinity-St. Elijah) monastery of the ХІ – ХУІІІ centuries in Chernihiv.
It consists of two parts - former St. Elijah monastery of the ХІ – ХУІІ centuries and St. Trinity monastery; built on the highest plateau of Boldyn Hills during 1677 – 1780, incorporated a landscape and architecture in the unique ensemble.
The beginning, according to a chronicle, was fixed by a monk Anthony Pecherskyi in 1069.
The “dug up” by his followers and him caves in the ravine of Boldyn Hills in course of time grew into a two tier large underground complex – known today all over the world monument of underground building as “Anthony caves”
In the ХІІ century at an entrance to caves a cruciform pillarless St. Elijah church with one top was built. In 1239 the monastery was destroyed by the hordes of Batyi. “In a year 1649 God church of the Saint prophet Elijah, and the monastery through the efforts and cost of church warden, mister Stephan Podobaylo, Chernihiv colonel, were restored by Zosim Tyshkevych, Father Superior of that monastery...” Due to the reconstructions it got the form of a three dome church, the most widespread in Ukraine during the Cossack times.

The initiator of St. Trinity monastery construction was a well-known political, church figure and writer of the end of the ХVІІ century Chernihiv archbishop Lazarus Baranovych. In 1672 he moved in Chernihiv from the former residence in Novgorod – Siverskyi.

The ensemble of St. Trinity monastery was formed during the ХVІІ – ХІХ centuries. The construction of this majestic complex became possible because the monastery was a large feudal sector which possessed almost 10 thousand peasants, 24 villages, 30 windmills, 31 factories including brickworks in the middle of the ХVІІІ century. “The gallery built up on the stone arches and posts” united St. Trinity and St. Elijah monasteries.

First the refectory with Vvedenska church (1677 – 1679) were built, the only two dome church among those refectory churches which remained on Left-bank Ukraine; later there were built three corps of monastic cells and utility rooms which created picturesque baroque surroundings of main building – St. Trinity cathedral, built in 1679 – 1695 years by architect Ioann Zauer-Baptyst’s project.

An interesting fact: in the cathedral’s head tholobate the fragment of inscription of hetman Mazepa times about Lazarus Baranovych’s and Ioanna Mazepa’s money offerings on cathedral construction remained.

At the end of the ХVIII century instead of wooden there was built brick enclosure of monastery with square and octahedral angular towers; from the north part of cathedral a majestic 58 meters bell tower of baroque forms was built.

A bell tower was built between 1770 and 1780 by an archimandrite Ioil (Bikovskyi). The last name of architect – builder is unknown; according to some information the project drafts by Iogan Shedel, the author of the Large Lavra bell tower were used. Placed in the ensemble of monastery, a bell tower became the main reference point for a traveler from the side of Kyiv, Nizhyn, Lyubech.

In the seven chamber burial vault of the cathedral temporal and spiritual agents were buried in the ХVIII-ХIХ centuries, particularly Chernigiv archbishop and prominent researcher of history of Ukraine Filaret Humilevskyi, representatives of well-known families of Miloradovich, Kochubey and others.

In the church near the altar the remains of saints Theodosius of Uhlych and Lawrence of Chernihiv are lying. Near-by a temple, among others there is a burial place of prominent Ukrainian fable writer Leonid Hlibov, diplomat and scientist Hryhorij Scherbyna, Chernihiv and Nizhyn archbishop Anthony.

St. Trinity-St. Elijah monastery operated till 1786, when by the order of Katherine the II the patrimony of monastery were secularized. The special role was given to St. Trinity monastery: on its territory it was appointed to place Chernihiv university, a monastery also had a printing-house and a library which counted more than 11 thousand books.
After the death of prince of Tavrida Grigoriy Potyomkin, who especially took care of this question, an order was not executed. Therefore in 1790 the fate of monastery was changed: an empress defined the Chernihiv bishop to move from St. Borys and Hlib in to St. Trinity monastery.

From that time there was so called “Bishop house” - the residence of Chernihiv archbishop on the territory of former monastery. As for a friary on Boldyn Hills, it was closed again in 1918. St. Trinity cathedral functioned as a parish temple till 1929.
Till the II World war the buildings of monastery were in use by Chernihiv zootechnical school.

During the occupation in November, 1941 St. Trinity monastery became an operating nunnery; which mother superior was Anthonia (Sorokina). Buildings of monastery considerably suffered during the bombardments in 1941 and 1943 that is why a diocese in the 40s of the ХХ century conducted repair works. A nunnery operated till 1961; from 1967 the complex of St. Trinity monastery was the part of Chernihiv state architectural historical park.

In 1988, after the restoration works, conducted by a well-know architect Marionila Govdenko and restorer of painting Volodymyr Babyuk, buildings of former St. Trinity monastery were returned to the Chernihiv diocese.

Today a former monastery continues to be the residence of archbishop of the Ukrainian church of Moscow patriarchy. In the house of abbot the spiritual school on preparation of priests and regents – parish clerks operates from the 90s of the XX century. St. Trinity cathedral, the remarkable sample of Ukrainian masters of the end of the XVII century, is an operating church.

Category: Historical monuments | Views: 1450 | Added by: Maysheff | Tags: monastery, St. Trinity-St. Elijah, Troitsko–Illinskyi | Rating: 0.0/0 |
Total comments: 1
0
1 nhnwuu921   [Entry]
Cocktail dresses for all your parties
www.promdressesc.com Cocktail dresses for all your parties Speaking of Dannii, her Project D frocks, available at Brown Thomas and Harvey Nichols, are just the thing if you are chasing a dress for a stylish wedding. Irish women probably associate Vera Wang most with fabulous wedding dresses, but her womenswear range is worth checking out at Havana in Donnybrook, where the two-tone, green tulle sleeveless dress is simply scrumptious and has a very sensual dimension to it. It needs just the subtlest accessorising, and it's my frock crush this week..

www.sellweddingdresses.co.uk Third time lucky as Trump ties knot When she reach the age of 40, Wang decided to marry her long-time boyfriend and as normal brides usually do she also hunt for her perfect wedding dress. Wang was very frustrated at that time because of lack of available bridal gowns during that time so she sketched her own wedding gown and she commissioned a tailor to sew her Akay Maison de Couture Wedding Dress . The money that she spend for that gown was $10,000..

www.bridesmaiddressesale.co.uk Satin sheaths and cowboy boots from Lanvin Spring Which makes me question why quite so many of us go strapless on our wedding day. Of all days. Yet it seems that there simply no choice in the matter: most wedding dresses are strapless now; very few offer anything in the way of shelter.

Name *:
Email *:
Code *:

Photo


New publications

Useful information


[Museums]
Semenivka Local Studies Museum

[Museums]
Bakhmach Historical Museum

[Museums]
Koriukivka Historical Museum

[Museums]
Korop Regional Museum of History and Archaeology

[Museums]
Memorial Museum of History in Shors

[Museums]
Kozelets Museum of the History of Weaving in the Chernihiv Region

[Museums]
Pisky Museum of History

[Museums]
H. Veriovka Museum of History and Local Studies in Berezna

[Museums]
Bobrovytsia Museum of History and Local Studies

[Canteens]
Okhota Cafe
 
Login form

Events

Calendar
«  July 2009  »
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
   1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
262728293031
Congratulations!
Today: no birthday

Search
Search Google
Search YouTube
Tags
Anthony caves Val Cathedral Citadel Dytynets’ Boldyn Hills Pyatnytska Church monastery Chernihiv Regimental Chancellery Cathedral of St. Catherine Black Grave Chorna mohyla Collegium Lyubech Lyubech Synodyk Hannah Barvinok Hannah's Wilderness Kulish's memorial monument Kozelets dendrological park Ivan Skoropadskyy Mykilska Church Novgorod-Severskyy Prydesnianske Restaurant Novyi Chernigiv Hradetsky Brusel Nektar Kolyba Dva Husia Cafe Okhota Local Studies Bobrovytsia Berezna H. Veriovka Pisky Chernihiv Region Museum of the History Museum of History Memorial Museum Korop Museum of History and Archaeology Historical Museum Koriukivka Bakhmach Local Studies Museum

Chat
Weather
Counter

Total online: 1
Guests: 1
Users: 0