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Main » 2009 » July » 16 » Kozelets: from remote ages
Kozelets: from remote ages
11:41 AM
Kozelets district, which at all times attracts tourists by its unique architectural monuments, generous and rich for water and forests nature, is located in the south-western part of Chernihiv region. It borders on Chernihiv district in the north, on Nosivka and Bobrovytsya districts of Chernihiv region in the east, and on Kyiv region - in the south and the west.
The international highways Odesa - St. Petersburg and Kyiv - Moscow intersect the district.
The territory of Kozelets district has an even relief.
In the northern, the north-eastern and the south-eastern part of the district the plain turns into bog. The Oster River flows from the northern east to the west of the district, forming a wide river valley. The Desna River flows in the western part of the district from the north to the south.
The district centre - Kozelets town is situated on the Oster River, in the highway Odesa - St. Petersburg, 65 km away from the regional centre. The firs record of Kozelets goes back to the XVth century. In the XVIIth -XVIIIth centuries it was a sotnia town, since 1696 the centre of Kyiv regiment had been deployed here. Since 1782 it had been an uyezd [district] town.
There are three annalistic inhabited localities in Kozelets district: Oster (1098), Lutava (1155), Morovsk (1147). The most famous archeological monument is the settlement of Trypillya culture near Yevmynka village - the natural landmark "Uzviz".
Remains of the so-called the St. Yuriy icon case - the St. Mykhailo Church (the end of the Xlth century) are preserved in Oster. The following historical monuments attract tourists' attention: the build ing of the Kyiv regiment office (the middle of the XVIIIth century) in Kozelets town, the St. Georgiy Monastery in Danivka village, the
building of zemstvo (municipal council) school (the be¬ginning of the XXth century) in Lemeshi village. A lot of monuments are connected with the Rozumovskyy family, such as the Three Sanctifiers' Church in Lemeshi village (1755, architect - I.Grygorovych-Barskyy), the Cathedral of God's Mother Birth (the middle of the XVIIIth century, architect - A.Kvasov, I.Grygorovych-Barskyy), one of the best patterns of the Ukrainian baroque, the Daragan's estate with the stone building (the XVIIIth century) in Kozelets.
The following outstanding figures were born in Kozelets district: K.Rozumovskyy, the last hetman of the Left-Bank Ukraine; his brother O.Rozumovskyy, a state and military figure, the spouse of the Russian Empress Elizabeth; V.Negovskyy, a pathophysiologist, the founder of the national critical care medicine; Y.Zbanatskyy, a writer, Hero of the Soviet Union; G.Nelyepp, a singer, a soloist of the Bolshoi Theatre. A Chuvash poet Mishshi Sespel (M.Kuzmin) was buried in Oster. A Polish writer M.Chaikovskyy, the author of the narratives in the history of Ukraine "Vernygora, a Ukrainian Prophet", "Hetmans of Ukraine", "The Ukrainian Women" was residing for almost fifteen years in Parkhymiv village. Being a participant of the Polish insurrection of 1830-1831, he emigrated to France, lived in Paris, Rome, then in Istanbul, where he adopted Islam. During the Crimean War he was fight-ling against Russia in the ranks of the Turkish Army. In 1872 he was amnestied by the Russian Government, returned to Ukraine and was buried in Parkhymiv.


Category: Chernihiv region | Views: 1208 | Added by: Vorobey | Tags: St. Mykhailo Church, Kozelets | Rating: 5.0/1 |
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